Home The Washington Diplomat July 2013 Court of Opinion Comes Down on Scholar for Views of Nazi Trials

Court of Opinion Comes Down on Scholar for Views of Nazi Trials

Court of Opinion Comes Down on Scholar for Views of Nazi Trials

Also See:

I’m So Excited’ and ‘A Hijacking’ and Repertory Notes

Photo: Zeitgeist Films
German actress Barbara Sukowa stars in the biopic “Hannah Arendt” about the German-American, secular Jewish scholar who stirred controversy with her coverage of the war crimes trial of Nazi officer Adolf Eichmann.

Leading New German Cinema director Margarethe von Trotta (“Marianne and Juliane,” “Rosa Luxemburg,” “Vision”) once again teams up with acclaimed German actress Barbara Sukowa in “Hannah Arendt,” an astute biopic of the eponymous German-American, secular Jewish scholar Hannah Arendt (1906-75).

A self-described political theorist (a label she preferred over philosopher), professor and journalist, Arendt reported on the war crimes trial in Jerusalem of Nazi officer Adolf Eichmann in a five-article series for the New Yorker in 1961 — which was expanded in her 1963 volume, “Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil.” Two of Arendt’s controversial theses — the “banality of evil” and Jewish councils enabling the Holocaust — became widely debated by the like of Upper West Side intellectuals in the Manhattan cocktail party and other circles.

In 1960, Mossad operatives found highly wanted fugitive Eichmann working as the manager of a Mercedes-Benz factory in Argentina. In an abduction of questionable international legality, they secretly spirited him to Jerusalem to be tried in an Israeli court for crimes against humanity as architect of the Final Solution. Arendt convinces William Shawn, legendary editor of the New Yorker, to capitalize on her academic celebrity by hiring her to cover Eichmann’s trial for the prestigious publication.

Arendt’s acceptance of Eichmann’s claim that he was just a middling bureaucrat following orders from the top was derided. However, she issued a rejoinder, as she explains in a lecture in the film: “The greatest evil in the world is the evil committed by nobody. Evil committed by men without motive or conviction, without a wicked heart or demonic words … is what I call the ‘banality of evil.'”

Also lambasted was her recounting from the trial of evidence that local Jewish leaders, sitting on Jewish councils set up by German officials in territories they occupied during World War II, helped execute Nazi policies — initially believing such cooperation would minimize Jewish deaths and suffering. As Arendt’s memes spread, she was often described as cold, even a Nazi apologist. Though many critics never actually read her work and failed to parse its subtleties, some were close friends whom she lost.

As Arendt, Barbara Sukowa’s unforgettable presence dominates the screen, making visibly palpable her internal deliberations and courage to believe in her critical thinking. The protagonist’s character is further developed by her complex relationships with supporting characters. Here, Sukowa is backed by strong performances from an excellent ensemble cast, including: British actor Axel Milberg as poet and Marxist philosopher Heinrich Blücher, Arendt’s stalwart husband; double Oscar-winning American actress Janet McTeer as novelist Mary McCarthy, Arendt’s close buddy and cheerleader; Nicholas Woodeson as William Shawn; and Klaus Pohl as heavyweight German philosopher Martin Heidegger, Arendt’s former teacher and tumultuous lover in Berlin.

The thespians gallantly tackle the verbose dialogue of the smart screenplay co-written by von Trotta and American screenwriter Pam Katz. Well-paced by von Trotta’s straightforward direction, “Hannah Arendt” unwinds a heady story about ideas that many, including von Trotta herself, once thought impossible to translate into a narrative motion picture. The film is at its best focusing on the events surrounding Eichmann’s trial, punctuated by actual archival footage.

A compelling backdrop is Arendt’s personal journey. After completing her dissertation, she departed Nazi Germany for Paris, only to be briefly detained (before escaping) in an internment camp in World War II France for being an enemy alien, an irony since she was actually stateless after Germany revoked her citizenship because she was Jewish. When Germany occupied France, she fled with her husband to the United States. Arendt finally discovered a stable, content life living in New York City, gaining acclaim in academia.

Hannah Arendt
(German, French, English, Hebrew and Latin with English subtitles; 109 min.)
Landmark’s E Street Cinema
Opens Fri., July 5

4.5 out of 5 stars

Uplifting Excitement

Photo: Jean-Paul Goude El Deseo / Sony Pictures Classics
Mayhem takes over the skies in “I’m So Excited,” directed by Pedro Almodóvar, pictured far right.

Following a decade dominated by making films with serious themes, such as “The Skin I Live In,” “Broken Embraces,” “Bad Education” and “Talk to Her,” Spanish bad boy writer-director Pedro Almodóvar is back to his bawdy old self with “I’m So Excited,” an over-the-top farce recalling the campy sex comedies of his earlier work like “Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown.” “I’m So Excited” is set mostly within a plane, providing a built-in physical constraint as in “Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown,” which might result in a stuffy stage piece in the hands of lesser, more conventional directors.

Not so for Almodóvar, a unique auteur who responds by packing more and more of his signature touches into one place, leaving no doubt of the director’s identity. He ratchets up the usual melodrama, secrets and lies, magic realism, etc., while José Luis Alcaine’s florid cinematography uses the ultra-saturated hues that frequent Almodóvar films. The director also taps his usual stable of actors to deliver crazy, outrageous performances. Let’s make clear that “I’m So Excited” is by no means cutting-edge cinema, but it’s great fun for an audience in search of a good time, especially those viewers predisposed to appreciate Almodóvar’s brand of wild, sexy humor.

The film opens with Penélope Cruz and Antonio Banderas, both Almodóvar regular players who have become crossover Hollywood celebrities, making cameos as luggage handlers whose spat unintentionally causes a malfunction. Once aboard Peninsula Flight 2549 flying to Mexico City, technical difficulties are threatening catastrophic failure that the veteran pilots are working hard to resolve. Meanwhile, the male flight attendants — talkative but honest Joserra (Javier Cámara from “Bad Education” and “Talk to Her”), skinny alcohol- and drug-fueled Ulloa (Raúl Arévalo) and obese religious freak Fajas (Carlos Areces), who carries an altar hidden in a briefcase to pray for the passengers — step up to the plate and try to soothe the passengers as much as possible.

The passengers in coach class have been knocked out with sedatives. So the bulk of the action takes place in business class, filled with standard Almodóvar character types like a celebrity dominatrix, death-smelling psychic virgin, shady financier, soap opera heartthrob and a Mexican assassin. When the pilots decide to attempt an emergency landing, the flight attendants double down their efforts to entertain, notably lip-synching to a dance number covering the Pointer Sisters hit “I’m So Excited” and serving Valencia drinks spiked with mescaline. As the alcohol and drugs kick in, life in the clouds gets as wild and complicated as it often can be on the ground.

I’m So Excited
(Los amantes pasajeros)
(Spanish with English subtitles; 90 min.)
Angelika Mosaic
Landmark’s E Street Cinema
Opens Fri., July 5

4 out of 5 stars

Tense ‘Hijacking’

Photo: Magnolia Pictures
Pilou Asbæk, right, plays a friendly cook whose cargo ship is hijacked by Somali pirates, led by Abdihakin Asgar, left, in the Danish thriller “A Hijacking.”

“A Hijacking,” the impressive solo debut feature helmed by Danish writer-director Tobias Lindholm (co-writer and co-director of the prison drama “R” and co-writer of Danish television hit “Borgen”), works exceeding well as a realistic thriller making the most out of a little. He relies on carefully crafted psychological tension rather than excessive action and violence to move the story, which revolves around the crew of a Danish ship that’s been hijacked by Somali pirates.

Encapsulating Lindholm’s philosophy of “reality rules” — seeking a lack of artifice and maximum authenticity — “A Hijacking” is filmed on location off the coast of Kenya in the Indian Ocean, on an actual ship that in real life was hijacked, and features people with real hijacking experience.

In the opening sequence, the cargo ship MV Rozen’s friendly cook Mikkel (Pilou Asbæk, also from “R” and “Borgen”) anticipates docking soon in Mumbai, after which he plans to retire from life at sea and permanently reunite with his wife and daughter at home in Denmark. Befitting the minimalist aesthetic of “A Hijacking,” the capture of the MV Rozen by Somali pirates happens off-screen. Back in Copenhagen, the shipping company’s CEO, Peter C. Ludvigsen (Søren Malling, of “Borgen”), learns of the hijacking, which is when it’s first revealed to the audience.

Peter hires British expert negotiator Connor (Gary Skjoldmose Porter, a nonprofessional actor who works as a real-life maritime security professional). Disregarding Connor’s advice, Peter decides to speak directly with the hijackers, whose polyglot spokesman Omar (Abdihakin Asgar) makes an opening demand of $15 million for the ransom of the hostages. This time listening to Connor, Peter counters with a measly $250,000. With such a spread, it’s no surprise that the negotiation process drags into months.

As time passes with no end in sight, Mikkel, his best pal and ship’s engineer Jan Sørensen (Roland Møller), and the Rozen’s other crewmembers begin to feel like they have been thrown under the bus by the head office. Their psychological and physical well being rapidly declines, especially as the Somali pirates grow increasingly unstable. Meanwhile, Peter is also facing overwhelming pressures at headquarters.

In addition to the two leads, Asbæk and Malling, the director sticks with a number of proven key collaborators he knows from “R” and “Borgen.” Cinematographer Magnus Nordenhof Jønck and editor Adam Nielsen, who both worked with Lindholm on “R,” provide top-notch technical efforts creating a series of captivating images flowing crisply under Lindholm’s steady direction. The camera smoothly alternates between the contrasting looks of the grimy cargo ship and the shipping company’s modern head office in Copenhagen. Sound designer Morten Green’s spooky sound effects increase the claustrophobia on the isolated ship, while Asbæk and Malling deliver naturalistic portrayals of the two main characters striving to keep it together under pressure.

A Hijacking
(Danish and Swedish with English subtitles; 99 min.)
Landmark’s E Street Cinema

4 out of 5 stars

Repertory Notes

American Film Institute (AFI) Silver Theatre

In association with the National Gallery of Art, “The Hitchcock 9” retrospective (July 3-Sept. 18) at AFI Silver offers BFI restorations of Alfred Hitchcock’s silent movies. Stephen Horne performs live accompaniment for “The Manxman” (Sat., July 13, 5:30 p.m.). “Champagne” also screens with live musical accompaniment (Sat., July 20, 4 p.m.), and the Mont Alto Motion Picture Orchestra accompanies “Blackmail” (Fri,. July 26, 7:30 p.m.) and “The Ring” (Sun., July 28, 3 p.m.).

Other new series include “Scandinavian Crime Cinema” (July 3-Sept. 18), “70mm Spectacular, Part 2” (July 3-Sept. 18) and “Ernest Borgnine Remembered” (July 2-Sept 18).

(301) 495-6700, www.afi.com/silver

National Gallery of Art

The series “Hungary, Hero and Myth: Immigrant Experience and the Artist’s Eye” (July 5-7), presented in conjunction with the Smithsonian Folklife Festival’s exhibit “Hungarian Heritage: Roots to Revival” and with thanks to the Embassy of Hungary, includes Gábor Bódy’s “American Postcard” (Fri., July 5, 1 p.m.); Ender Holes’s “The Maiden Danced to Death” (Fri., July 5, 3 p.m.); James Chressanthis’s documentary “No Subtitles Necessary: Vilmos And László” with subject Vilmos Zsigmond in person (Sat., July 6, 2 p.m.); Csaba Káel’s “Bánk Bán” shot by Zsigmond, who appears in person (Sat., July 6, 4 p.m.); and Krisztina Goda and Joe Eszterhas’s “Children of Glory” (Sun., July 7, 4 p.m.).

Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger’s “The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp” (Fri., July 12, 2:30 p.m.; Sat., July 13, 2:30 p.m.) screens in a Technicolor restoration.

In association with AFI Silver Theatre, “The Hitchcock 9” retrospective (July 3-Sept. 18) reviews British-born master of suspense Alfred Hitchcock’s silent films, restored by the British Film Institute (BFI). The National Gallery also offers two films written by Lady Hitchcock, Alma Reville. Stephen Horne performs live accompaniment for Miles Mander’s “The First Born,” written by Reville, followed by Hitchcock’s “Easy Virtue” (Sun., July 14, 4 p.m.). Philip Carli performs live accompaniment for Hitchcock’s “Downhill” (Sun., July 21, 4 p.m.) and Adrian Brunel’s “The Constant Nymph,” written by Reville (Sun., July 21, 5:30 p.m.). The Mont Alto Motion Picture Orchestra accompanies Hitchcock’s “The Lodger” (Sat., July 27, 2 p.m.).

(202) 842-6799, www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/calendar/film-programs.html

Freer Gallery of Art

Cosponsored by the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, the crowd-pleasing 18th annual Made in Hong Kong Film Festival (through Aug. 4) continues with John Woo’s “A Better Tomorrow” starring Chow Yun-Fat (Fri., July 12, 7 p.m.; Sun., July 14, 2 p.m.), Ching Siu-tung’s “A Chinese Ghost Story” starring Leslie Cheung (Fri., July 19, 7 p.m.; Sun., July 21, 2 p.m.), and Derek Yee’s “Viva Erotica” starring Leslie Cheung (Fri., June 26, 7 p.m.; Sun., June 28, 2 p.m.).

(202) 357-2700, www.asia.si.edu/events/films.asp

Friendship, Freedom, Tolerance: 50 Years French-German Friendship

The series “Friendship, Freedom, Tolerance: 50 Years French-German Friendship” (through July 12) concludes its commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Élysée Treaty with Christian Carion’s “Merry Christmas” (Mon., July 1, 6:30 p.m.) at the Goethe-Institut and Bertrand Délais’s documentary “France-Allemagne: Une Histoire Presque Commune” (Fri., July 12, 7 p.m.) at the Alliance Française. 

(202) 289-1200, www.goethe.de/ins/us/was/ver/enindex.htm

About the Author

Ky N. Nguyen is the film reviewer of The Washington Diplomat